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Tag Archives: OECD

International Symposium on Assessing the Economic Impact of Nanotechnology to be held March 2012

The National Nanotechnology Coordination Office, in a "Notice of Public Meeting" published in the Federal Register of 02/02/2012, announced that on March 27-28 of this year, it would be holding an "International Symposium on Assessing the Economic Impact of Nanotechnology". The symposium, organized by the National Nanotechnology Initiative and theOrganization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD). The symposium will be hosted by the American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS) in Washington DC on March 27th and 28th from 8:30AM to 6PM.

The symposium will focus on

the scope of economic impacts of nanotechnology, input and output factors, metrics for other technological assessments, and consideration of the appropriateness of these metrics for nanotechnology materials and products. Topics addressed will include the role of research funding portfolios, intellectual property frameworks, venture capital, public-private partnerships, state and local initiatives, international cooperation, and metrics such as private sector and industry investments, patents and publications, and the development of a technologically-educated workforce as metrics for nanotechnology.

Confirmed as speakers at the symposium are:

  • Françoise Roure, Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development

  • Gregory Tassey, National Institute of Standards and Technology, United States

  • Mark Morrison, Institute for Nanotechnology, United Kingdom

  • Adalberto Fazzio, Ministry of Science, Technology and Innovation, Brazil

  • Kazunobu Tanaka, Japan Science and Technology Agency, Japan

  • Altaf Carim, Office of Science and Technology Policy, United States

  • Herbert von Bose, European Commission

  • Joseph Molapisi, Department of Science and Technology, South Africa

  • GV Ramaraju, Department of Information Technology, India

  • Tom Crawley, Spinverse

  • Philip Shapira,

OECD Issues Guide to Current Developments on the safety of Manufactured Nanomaterials

As a follow-up to and outgrowth of the June 2005 OECD Joint Meeting of the Chemicals Committee and the Working Party on Chemicals, Pesticides, and Biotechnology, the OECD Working Party on Manufactured Nanomaterials (WPMN) was established in September 2006, with the mission of helping "member countries efficently address the safety challenges of nanomaterial".

Presented at the WPMN’s March 2011 meeting, "Current Developments/Activities on the Safety of Manufactured Nanomaterials" ". . .is intended to provide delegations and other stakeholders with a "snapshot" of information on activities related to manufactured nanomaterials, as well as other activities . . . at the national and international level".

The "snapshot" consists of two sections; section I, "Recent and Planned National Activities in Chemical Regulatory Area on Health and Environmental Safety Aspects of Manufactured Nanomaterials" and section II, "Current Activities in Other Organisations Related to Nanotechnologies/Nanomaterials". Section I is the larger of the two sections, focusing on the written reports that members of the OECD submitted to the WPMN. From the length and depth of these reports, it is easy to gauge which nations are actively involved in nanomaterials research, development and can be judged to have a fairly well developed nanoindustrial segment to their national economies. Australia, for example, submitted a five and a half page report discussing what the government and regulatory agencies have done and plan to do in the future to insure that facilities manufacturing nanomaterials reduce the levels of worker exposure, possible impact on the environment, etc, while Belgium’s report, …

Nanoscale Carbon Toxicity Testing Proposal Submitted to EPA

 

 

The NanoSafety Consortium for Carbon just submitted a proposed toxicity testing agreement to EPA under Section 4 of the Toxic Substances Control Act covering a range of nanoscale materials including multi-walled carbon nanotubes, double-walled carbon nanotubes, single-walled carbon nanotubes, and graphene. 

 

Key elements for the curious:

  • The chemical substances to be tested may include representative (i) purified multi-walled carbon nanotubes ranging from 4 to 600 nanometers in diameter and less than 30 micrometers in length; (ii) purified double-walled carbon nanotubes ranging from 1.5 to 4 nanometers in diameter and less than 5 micrometers in length; (iii) purified single-walled carbon nanotubes ranging from .7 to 2 nanometers in diameter and less than 30 micrometers in length; and (iv) purified graphene nanoplatelets in flake/sheet form ranging from .5 nanometers to 100 nanometers thick. All test materials will be purified by the National Institute of Standards and Technology to be at least 99 percent pure. Final test materials will be approved by the EPA and will be selected to adequately represent the constituency of the final signatories to the testing agreement.

 

  • The characteristic for which testing will be conducted is subchronic inhalation toxicity in rodents, or such other toxicity testing as may be approved by EPA to achieve the intent and purpose of the testing agreement. As appropriate, consideration will be given to using in vivo instillation rather than inhalation test methods. Test data will be developed under standards based on TSCA test guidelines in 40 CFR parts 796,

OECD Revises Guidance on Testing of Manufactured Nanomaterials

The Working Party on Manufactured Nanomaterials (“WPMN”) of the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (“OECD”) has revised its nanomaterial testing guidance document, first published in 2009 to support nanotechnology safety in the industry.

The guidance manual was conceived primarily to assist sponsors of the OECD Sponsorship Programme for the Testing of Manufactured Nanomaterials, who conduct testing in support of the WPMN’s exploratory testing program. The manual addresses includes general and common issues in nanomaterials safety as well as specific consideration on sample preparation and dosimetry for the safety testing of manufactured nanomaterials. Specific consideration includes  i) physic-chemical properties; ii) ecotoxicity studies; iii) degradation, transformation and accumulation; and iv) health effects.…

OECD To Begin Testing Nanoparticles

On June 2, 2008 the Organization  for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) released the first stage in its effort to study the impacts of certain nanoparticles.   In 2006, the OECD formed its Working Party on Manufactured Nanomaterials to implement the "Project on Safety Testing of a Representative Set of Manufactured Nanomaterials."  The Project was divided into two parts: 1) develop a priority list of nanomaterials currently, or soon to be, in commerce, for health impact study, and 2) develop a program for the testing and understanding of those nanomaterials.  The June 2 report is the culmination of the first step–the creation of list of nanomaterials to be studied.…

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